Book shelf: MPG before the EPA

The Classic Car Bookshelf

The Mobilgas Economy Run: A History of the Long Distance Fuel Efficiency Competition, 1936-1968
by Dave Hermanson

PublisherMcFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
FormatSoft cover

Decades before there was a federal Environmental Protection Agency or even Monroney stickers that presented average fuel-economy expectations, there was the Mobil Economy Run. At least that’s the name I remember as a kid reading the auto company advertisements about the fuel-economy figures their cars achieved in the cross-country drive.

Somewhere in my office, I have a folder labeled “Mobil Economy Run.” In that folder are some clippings I saved and notes from an interview I did with a retired automotive engineer who helped prepare cars for the event. I write “prepare cars” but basically, the idea was to figure out a way to expand on the rulebook and sneak things past the U.S. Auto Club officials who were charged with keeping everything fair and square.

My plan was to do additional research and more interviews and to write a book on the history of the economy runs and to discover if the auto companies were as clever as NASCAR racer Smokey Yunick, who once took the gas tank out of his race car and still was able to drive it on fuel he had hidden within its frame rails.

So, in some ways, I should be displeased with Dave Hermanson and his recently published book, The Mobilgas Economy Run: A History of the Long Distance Fuel Efficiency Competition, 1936-1968.

Hermanson presents a well-researched and detailed history of the event launched by Earl Gilmore of the Gilmore Oil Company, the California gasoline distributor that in 1940 was purchased by Socony-Vacuum and its Mobiloil brand.

But Hermanson notes that Gilmore wasn’t the first to stage such an event. As early as 1917, the Los Angeles Motor Car Dealers Association took part in an annual Camp Curry Yosemite Economy Run sponsored by Standard Oil. That event ended after the 1926 run.

Gilmore joined with the dealers association and the western region of the AAA Contest Board to revive the economy trials in 1936 with a single-day, 352-mile drive from LA to Yosemite. Cars — 30 were entered — were divided into seven classes, based on vehicle prices, with winners determined on a confusing ton-miles-per-gallon figure.

Although an inexpensive four-cylinder Willys 77 achieved a miles-per-gallon average of 33.21, a Graham Supercharger 6 had the best TMPG figure, 55.47, even though its mpg number was only 26.67. TMPG finally was abandoned in 1959.

Through the years, the route would expand, at first to the Grand Canyon, then to Sun Valley, and after its resumption after World War II, on to Chicago and eventually to New York.

For the most part, automakers would replace dealers as entrants and things got very serious, with rules written to assure gas tanks were standard factory installations and that tire pressures weren’t being manipulated to enhance mileage, and with seals placed on as many as 64 items to prevent tampering. Skilled drivers — racers (including Smokey Yunick) and engineers — were engaged to maximize performance.

How serious did it get? Well, back in 1952, writes Hermanson, “A protest was received regarding the Mercury Monterey entry. As was noted by another competitor, the Mercury rolled approximately 40 feet at the Grand Canyon start before proceeding under its own power. After the protest was heard, it was decided by the AAA Contest board officials that the Mercury should back up a total of 40 feet the next morning before leaving to compensate for the false start.”

Hermanson doesn’t detail the juicy stories about rules manipulation, but the book does end with an extensive appendix and a chapter on the Mobil Mileage Rally, held from 1958-1961 for imported cars.

As for the Mobilgas Economy Run, it ended because of the muscle-car craze and the public’s refocus of its attention on acceleration and horsepower.

Beaulieu celebrates MG’s 90th anniversary at Simply Classics show

National Motor Museum to celebrate 90 years of MG at Beaulieu's Simply classics & Sports Car
National Motor Museum to celebrate 90 years of MG at Beaulieu’s Simply classics & Sports Car

Now with a new name — Simply Classics & Sports Car — the fourth-annual road rally and car show takes place August 24 at Britain’s National Motor Museum at Beaulieu./p>

The road rally part of the program involves whatever routes people and their classics and sports cars take through the New Forest to arrive at the museum. The event is open to any pre-1989 classic or sports car.

“British sports car manufacturer, MG, is this year celebrating its 90th anniversary and will be the featured marque at Simply Classics & Sports Car,” the news release reports.

The scene last year
The scene last year

“In a special display area at the event, MGs of all ages will be on show from early VAs and TAs to the ever popular MGB and Midget, as well as modern classics such as the MGF and MG TF, plus the current MG3 and MG6 models, with displays from regional MG clubs and individual owners as well as a number of trade stands.”

A special parade of MGs will take place in the afternoon, and in addition to a Beaulieu Trophy for the People’s Choice award, there will be a second such trophy presented to the People’s Choice just among the MGs.

Entry fees for car owners and their passengers include admission to the museum, the World of Top Gear, Beaulieu Abby and the Palace House and gardens.

Eye Candy: Concours d’LeMons Michigan

Photos by Larry Edsall

As best I can figure, the only person who displayed cars recently at both the Concours d’Elegance of America and the Concours d’LeMons that took place the day before was Myron Vernis of Akron, Ohio.

Journalist objectivity dictates that I refer to him in second and subsequent references as Vernis, but I’m going to call him Myron because I’ve known him too long to be so formal.

Myron has one of the most interesting car collections you’ll ever hope to see because what he collects are true automotive oddities. Or as daughter Zoe put it, “We have too many weird cars at home.”

Zoe said that when I asked her how often she drove the 1977 Leata Cabalero that was entered in the LeMons show under her name.

“I’ve never driven it,” she responded.

“But your father says it’s your car,” I said.

The look I received was a lot like the one I get from my granddaughter, Lexie, when she thinks I’m pestering her and it’s time for me to be out of her sight.

For those who may not recall the Leata Cabalero, or who, like me, had never heard of it let alone seen one until Myron entered it in his daughter’s name in the Concours d’LeMons, it is a reskinned Chevrolet Chevette.

Donald Stinebaugh of Post Falls, Idaho, invented a snowmobile engine and also manufactured small four-wheel-drive farm vehicles (we now call such things all-terrain vehicles, or ATVs) and decided he wanted also to build cars. In 1975 he launched the Leata, which was his wife’s nickname (I’m told Leata is sort of the Norwegian equivalent of the Italian Pinin, as in Pininfarina).

Anyway, the Leata car also was small, very retro in its look, and was powered by a 50-horsepower, four-cylinder Continental engine. Stinebaugh and his team reportedly produced between 20 and 22 such vehicles.

Then Stinebaugh struck a deal with General Motors to buy Chevette chassis which he turned into a second Leata model, the Cabalero.

Bodywork for the Cabalero is, as Myron explained, made from “metal, Bondo and fiberglass.”

In addition to coupes, Stinebaugh turned a few of his Chevettes into pickup trucks.

For the Cabaleros, Stinebaugh produced his own hoods, which are made from very thick and very heavy metal — but which also are quilted on their undersides.

Myron found his Cabalero on eBay, and since buying it has learned that the prestigious LeMay museum in Tacoma also owns one.

Anyway, I ran into Myron and his daughter and “her” car at the inaugural Concours d’LeMons Michigan. The LeMons, a sort of French twist on the automotive term “lemons,” is the brainchild of Jay Lamm, son of Michael Lamm, well-known automotive journalist and historian. Jay started a 24-hour racing event for cars worth $500 or less and then a concours-style show — debuting in Monterey, no less — for what the LeMons website terms “the Oddball, Mundane and truly Awful of the automotive world.”

This year there are three such events scheduled (as well as nearly two dozen LeMons racing events). The first of the 2014 concours was in April at Road Atlanta. The second was held in late July in Michigan. The third is August 16 at Laguna Grande Park in Seaside, on the Monterey Peninsula.

Hagerty Insurance is a major sponsor of the LeMons concours.

“We insure a lot of those cars,” said Hagerty spokesman Jonathan Klinger.

And, he added, “Think about what they represent, the best examples of some of the worst cars ever built.

“But if you want to talk about a group that’s passionate about their cars…”

The people I saw at the LeMons concours certainly were passionate about their vehicles, as awful as some of them may have been, struggling to get up the hill to the awards presentation.

I left the LeMons while those awards were being presented, but one of the first people I saw early the next morning on the show field at the Concours d’Elegance of America was Myron, there showing his one-of-a-kind 1933 Hoffman X-8.

Before saying anything about the Hoffman, a car which was on the green at Pebble Beach a few years ago, Myron exclaimed, with obvious pride in his voice, “We got worst-in-show!”

Oh, by the way, worst-in-show is the LeMons equivalent of best-in-show for the rest of the classic car world.

Eye Candy: Concours d’Elegance of America

Photos by Larry Edsall

One of the things that makes the less-than-modestly named Conocurs d’Elegance of America actually pretty special is that it includes several classes each year that are just plain fun – this year we saw Jet Age pickup trucks – plus what it calls “special displays.”

Basically, explains Brian Joseph, chairman of the car-selection committee, “There are vehicles we want on the field, but they don’t fit into our classes.” So they become stand-alone special displays.

Among the special displays at the 36th annual concours, staged July 27 on the grounds of the Inn at St. John’s, a Roman Catholic seminary-turned-conference center in Plymouth, Michigan, were:

  • The 1918 Cadillac that survived World War I and has just become the fourth vehicle listed on the National Historic Vehicle Register;
  • The 1967 Dodge Deora concept done by Detroit’s famed hot rod-building Alexander Brothers;
  • The 1997 Laird roadster (with body panels shaped by former Holman and Moody fabricator Ron Fournier and previously seen in the movie Oceans Eleven);
  • A 1931 Ford Model A Good Humors ice-cream truck (the company didn’t change its name to Good Humor until the 1940s);
  • A 1934 Ford V8 sedan delivery formerly used by Ernest Camera Shoppe of Port Huron, Michigan;
  • The 1935 Hoffman X-8 prototype, believed to be the only car built around an X8 engine;
  • The home-built 1963 Weber hydroplane;
  • The Ghia 1954 Fiat 8V Supersonic currently undergoing restoration.

Each of those cars has a special story. Here’s just one of them:

Detroit area photographer Jerry Farber has had the Fiat 8V Supersonic for 35 years. The car was the 10th of 15 produced and originally was owned by Lou Fageol, the hydroplane racer and boat owner who also owned Indy 500 racing cars.

For some reason, Farber said, Fageol thought he could design better than the famed Giovanni Savonuzzi and, after showing the car at Pebble Beach in 1957, Fageol modified the car, among other things adding the big fins from a Chrysler Imperial and inserting a twin-supercharged 1957 Chevrolet Corvette V8.

Farber’s mission was to restore the car to its original configuration and he spent years tracking down the parts he needed to do that.

“The first time the body was on wheels was Friday,” Farber said at the concours.

The next steps are the paint shop and reinstalling the original engine, which Farber obtained, he admitted, “by a stroke of luck.”

One day Farber’s telephone rang and the caller asked if Farber did, indeed, have what had been Fageol’s car. Farber said he did and the caller said he had the original engine. Farber doubted that, but the caller read off the numbers and they matched Farber’s research.

Farber was further flabbergasted when the caller, who was from California, said he’d be in Michigan in a few weeks and they could do the deal then. Why wait, Farber wondered? Well, the caller said, the engine was in Michigan, sitting under a work bench in Ann Arbor where it had been stored for decades.

Editor’s note: In addition to this Eye Candy, we’ll soon do similar galleries focusing on two of the concours’ special classes — the Jet Age pickup trucks and cars designed by Virgil Exner.


Sticker shock! Remembering the first Monterey auction

This was the scene at the first Monterey auction | Rick Cole archives
This was the scene at the first Monterey auction | Rick Cole archives

Seriously, we are not making this up. The following is the Top-10 sales list from the inaugural Monterey Sports Car Auction held on the Friday evening of the Monterey Historics/Pebble Beach weekend in 1986, less than 30 years ago. As they say around some poker tables, read ‘em and weep:

  1. 1963 Jaguar XK-E Lightweight, $145,000
  2. 1965 AC 427 SC Cobra, $138,000
  3. 1964 Porsche 904, $80,000
  4. 1951 Ferrari 166 Touring coupe, $80,000
  5. 1971 Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona coupe, $78,000
  6. 1961 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL roadster, $76,000
  7. 1955 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL gullwing coupe, $72,000
  8. 1983 Ferrari 512BB Berlinetta Boxer, $59,000
  9. 1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Kircher Special racing car, $55,000
  10. 1952 Delahaye Tipo 225 open tourer, $41,000

That auction, and those that followed for the next decade or so, was staged by Rick Cole, who had been involved in classic car auctions since he was a teenager working on the West Coast for Dean Kruse. Cole said that after Kruse defaulted on a hotel bill in 1978 and lost his Southern California auction venue as a result, Cole set out on his own. He quickly gained fame for buying and selling cars for various Hollywood stars.

No one had ever done this.”

— Rick Cole


Cole also became involved in the new sport of racing old sports cars. While competing at the Monterey Historics, he saw people buying and selling cars in the paddock and thought a classic sports car auction might be a nice third leg on the Monterey/Pebble Beach weekend calendar.

“I didn’t really know what to expect,” Cole said in a recent interview with “No one had ever done this. It was the first sale that was specializing in sports and racing cars. I’d come from a background working for a hick Indiana company that specialized in ’31 Model A Fords.”

Cole’s inaugural Monterey sale was to begin at 6 p.m. that Friday evening in the Monterey convention center.

“At a quarter to six, the joint was empty,” Cole remembered.

But then a tidal wave of people arrived.

“At 5:59, the room was packed.”

Cars were presented, bids were placed and prices were, well, astounding, and included at least a couple of “solds” for record numbers.

“That Cobra 427 was a world’s record,” Cole said. “We were just smiling ear to ear.

The entire gross was about half of a 275 GTB today.”

— Rick Cole


“I remember Leon Mandel came to me and said ‘I want to interview you for AutoWeek.’ I said why? He said, ‘What you’re doing is so important. It’s going to change everything. It’s going to have a major impact on prices from now on.’”

But even after such an opening night, Cole said, “The entire gross was about half of a 275 GTB today.”
Here’s just one example about how prices have changed since that first Monterey auction: Cole recently spoke to the owner of that Porsche 904 that sold for $80,000 at the inaugural sale.

“Do you remember?” Cole asked the former owner.

“We just laughed.”

Cole returns to Monterey this year, but with a new sales format. He recently received a phone call from the owner of another Porsche 904 called to inquire about selling his car. All he wanted from Cole was a guarantee the he’d walk away with at least $2 million after the sale.

”I got a letter of credit yesterday from a customer that was four times the amount of my total sale in 1986,” Cole said. “My entire auction, the entire gross sale that year is possibly less than the commission that can be earned on a single car this year.”

Cole sold the rights to his Monterey sale to RM in 1997. After more than 20 years in classic car sales, Cole sought other business ventures. But he kept an eye on what was happening with classic cars, and a couple of years ago helped Barrett-Jackson get back into the high-end of the marketplace with its Salon Collection.

Now, he has relaunched Rick Cole Auctions, which returns to Monterey with an interesting experiment — a classic car auction in which the bidding on some three dozen vehicles will be done not in the traditional bidding parlor format but remotely, by smart phone, with the winning bids to be announced at midnight as the Monterey weekend concludes.

Just as his inaugural 85-car Monterey sale was an experiment, so is his newest endeavor, though Cole said his anxiety has relaxed a little since he read a recent article in The Wall Street Journal that reported that fewer people are attending auctions and more are bidding online.

“What I’m doing is not novel,” Cole said, “but it is novel in our business (classic and collector car sales).”

Among the cars to be offered at Cole’s new Monterey auction is a Volvo P1800 with only 8,600 miles on its odometer.

“I got a call from a guy in Sweden,” Cole said, adding that the caller wants to buy the car so he can drive it in The Great American Race, the annual cross-country rally for vintage vehicles.

“He can’t be there in person, but he can bid online,” Cole said.

One thing Cole is interested in seeing is the thought process that goes into bidding under his new format.
“No one has to make a snap decision on Friday night,” Cole said. “You have until the end of Sunday to do it.”

Cole hopes he’s as happy with his new Monterey sale as he was with his first.

“It was easy to see that we got it right,” he said.

Cole said one thing he did right nearly 30 years ago was to make sure Monterey Historics founder Steve Earle and Pebble Beach chairman Lorin Tryon would accept an auction during their events.

At the time, the concours raised money for the local United Way.

“If you were gong to give to another charity, which would it be?” Cole asked the Pebble Beach concours chairman.

Tryon suggested the Monterey Children’s Services Center, a foster care organization. Cole offered the services center all admission, poster and T-shirt sales revenue in return for providing people to staff his auction.

“By year three they had enough money to buy a new building. They’ve become the largest foster care organization in the United States. I’m proud of that,” said Cole, who again is working with the now re-named Kinship Center as his auction’s beneficiary.

So, we asked Cole, we’ve looked back nearly 30 years to the first Monterey auction. What do you see for the future?

Cars are more fun (than art). They’re the only thing of great value that you can actually share and show.“

— Rick Cole


“I hope there’s an end in sight on prices,” he said. “But we might laugh at this 10 years from now. We might laugh remembers when Bonhams sold that cobbled together, rebodied 250 GTO for $60 million and now it’s worth $160 million.”

One hundred and sixty million dollars! That’s the sort of prices they get at sales not of automobiles but of collectible art.

“The cars are more fun,” Cole said. “They’re the only thing of great value that you can actually share and show.

“Guys who are settled into their 60s and are enjoying some of the rings they spent so much time to accumulate tell me, ‘I just want to have fun.’”

Rick Cole says the same thing, adding that it’s not just that he wants to have fun, but “I’m having a lot of fun.



Pick of the Week: 1957 Ford ‘sleeper’ custom

The cleanly restored but plain-looking ’57 Ford packs a big-block V8 wallop

“This 1957 Ford Custom 300 is one heck of a gnarly little sleeper,” says the seller of the hot custom car that looks more like granny’s go-to-meetin’ wheels than any sort of performance rod.

Continue reading

Antique Harley once owned by Steve McQueen should roar at auction in Monterey

What will the McQueen magic add to the value of the 1912 Harley Big Twin? | Mecum Auctions
What will the McQueen magic add to the value of the 1912 Harley Big Twin? | Mecum Auctions

Another Steve McQueen relic comes to auction this month when Mecum offers a 1912 Harley-Davidson X8E Big Twin motorcycle once owned by the film star, no doubt adding immeasurably to its value.

Mecum, which will auction the ex-McQueen Harley-Davidson during its Monterey sale August 14-16, places a value estimate of $225,000 to $275,000 on the motorcycle. That’s quite a bump for the McQueen provenance; the NADA motorcycle guide places the highest value for a 1912 Big Twin in excellent condition at $90,380.

But the McQueen factor does have an amazing effect on vehicles at auction, a logarithmic multiplying effect that caused the 2011 value of his 1963 Ferrari 250 GT Lusso to quadruple for a sale of $2.3 million and the 2011 sale of the 1970 Porsche 911S that he owned and drove in the opening sequences of the movie Le Mans reach a stunning $1.375 million.

The wheel rims were replaced for riding | Mecum Auctions
The wheel rims were replaced for riding | Mecum Auctions

Auctions of ex-McQueen motorcycles have had similarly startling results.

The antique Harley comes with a certificate of authenticity signed by Terry and Chad McQueen, the daughter and son of the late actor, who was well-known as a car and motorcycle enthusiast. Steve McQueen died of cancer in 1980 and the motorcycle was purchased from his estate in 1984 by its subsequent owner.

The motorcycle reputedly runs well although the paint is in distressed condition, especially where it’s been removed on one side of the tank. The wheels were replaced after McQueen’s ownership so the bike could be ridden, and a period-correct headlamp was added.

More McQueen magic is expected to be in full force at RM’s Monterey auction August 15-16 when an already immensely valuable 1967 Ferrari 275 GTB/4 that was owned and driven by McQueen for five years will be auctioned. Without the McQueen touch, the Ferrari is valued between $1 million and $2 million, but past ownership by “The King of Cool” could triple that. Or more.

Eye Candy: The Hawk at Elkhart Lake

Photos by Tom Strongman

Few things in vintage sports car racing are more charming than Road America’s midsummer event, The Hawk with Brian Redman. Track time is the central focus, of course, but what really makes the weekend special happens in downtown Elkhart Lake on Friday and Saturday nights.

In 1950, sports cars raced on the roads around and through this tiny lakeside village. Lake Street was part of the original course, and the turn in front of Siebken’s is known as the Hard Left.

By 1952, racing on public roads around Elkhart Lake stopped. Road America was built on 525 acres of farmland outside of town in 1955 and it quickly became one of the nation’s most challenging and scenic tracks. The pavement that climbs up and down the hills of the Kettle Moraine region is more than four miles around and has 14 turns.

Touring the paddock during the vintage racing weekend is like walking through a living history museum. Refurbished race cars, driven mostly by amateur drivers, hit the track in full flight. Exercising the cars at high speed is more important than who wins or loses, although competition is still present.

On Friday night, race cars drive into town from the track, rumble down Lake Street and park in front of Siebken’s Resort, one of the most legendary bars in auto racing. Still warm from the day’s racing, the racers rest as the streets overflow with bystanders who want to get close.

On Saturday night, highly polished concours cars gather under the leafy shade of early evening and pose like art objects. Because most of the cars are at least 40 years old, strolling Lake Street is like shaking hands with an old friend at a class reunion.

The Hawk with Brian Redman is a time machine, a journey back 50 years to a time when racing was a gentleman’s sport and not a business.

Classic Profile: 3 Generations and the Trip of a Lifetime

1909 Pierce-Arrow Model 6-36 Five Passenger Touring, circa 1960 prior to restoration | courtesy of the author
1909 Pierce-Arrow Model 6-36 Five Passenger Touring, circa 1960 prior to restoration | courtesy of the author

I consider myself lucky. To have inherited a passion for cars from my Dad, and to be able to share this passion with him for the past 40 years, what could be better? Well, it turns out that sharing that passion with the next generation is indescribably rewarding as well. Continue reading

Mecum’s inaugural Harrisburg auction tops $21 million

The 1970 Dodge Hemi Coronet R/T sells for $305,000 on the auction block | Mecum Auctions
The 1970 Dodge Hemi Coronet R/T sells for $305,000 on the auction block | Mecum Auctions

Buyers paid more than $21 million for cars and motorcycles at Mecum Auctions’ inaugural sale in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in the company’s first foray into the Northeast collector-car market.

A total of 735 cars and bikes went to new owners out of 1,056 offered, for a solid 70-percent sell-through rate, especially strong for a first-time event. Sales of automobiles totaled 596 of the 868 offered, and 139 of the 188 motorcycles rode off with new owners. Mecum said more than 20,000 people attended the three-day auction.

The ’64 Corvette resto mod has a 505hp V8 | Mecum Auctions
The ’64 Corvette resto mod has a 505hp V8 | Mecum Auctions

The top-selling car was a one-of-four 1970 Dodge Hemi Coronet R/T coupe, equipped with 426/425hp Hemi engine and four-speed manual transmission, which reached a stellar $305,000.

One of the auction’s signature cars, a rare 1970 Chevrolet Chevelle LS6 454 convertible, did not make reserve when bidding stopped at $265,000.

The rest of the top-10 sales were:

2. 2012 Cadillac CTS-VR Hennessey Twin-Turbo coupe at $165,000,
3. 1968 Shelby GT350 convertible at $145,000,
4. 2006 Ferrari F430 Spider at $130,000,
5. 1967 Chevrolet Corvette coupe at $125,000,
6. 1941 Ford Convertible resto mod at $125,000,
7. 1963 Chevrolet Corvette resto mod at $120,000,
8. 1964 Chevrolet Corvette resto mod at $105,000,
9. 1959 Mercedes-Benz 190SL roadster at $105,000,
10. 1993 Ferrari Testarossa 512 TR at $102,000.

The Harrisburg auction also included a wide range of entry-level collector cars, with a number selling for four- and low-five-figure totals.

The 1956 Harley-Davidson FLH was a top seller | Mecum Auctions
The 1956 Harley-Davidson FLH was a top seller | Mecum Auctions

The Top-5 motorcycles sales, an auction dominated by the Mike Quinn collection of more than 100 Harley-Davidsons, were:

1. 1920 Harley-Davidson J-L20 T at $58,000,
2. 1911 Harley-Davidson 7-A single cylinder at $45,000,
3. 1947 Harley-Davidson FL with sidecar at $43,000,
4. 1956 Harley-Davidson FLH at $41,000,
5. 1957 Harley-Davidson FLH at $33,000.

Auction founder and president Dana Mecum said the Harrisburg results reflect those of another successful new auction, the one held in Dallas that has nearly doubled in sales during its first three years.

“With the instant success we witnessed at our inaugural event in Harrisburg, we’re anticipating similar trends in the Northeast to those achieved in the Dallas market,” Mecum said.

Mecum’s next sale, the annual Daytime Auction in Monterey, California, takes place Aug. 14-16.